How many days, weeks and months are there in a quarter?
The word quarter in the sense of a period of three months, or else ¼ of the year, has been first recorded in English language in the late 14th century. Division of the calendar year into quarters seems to have been more important in the past than it is nowadays.
England has held the tradition of, so called, Quarter Days since the Middle Ages. Quarter Days were 4 important dates in a year falling more or less three months apart:
- 25th March: Lady Day
- 24th June: Midsummer Day
- 29th September: Michaelmas
- 25th December: Christmas
On these days the rent and other taxes were due (and sometimes they still are, even at present), debts were settled, new servants were hired etc. Also at schools and universities, Quarter Days traditionally marked the beginning of new terms.
1st January, 1st April, 1st July and 1st October are sometimes referred to as modern Quarter Days as they are the first days each of the four quarters, sometimes abbreviated as Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4.
How long is each of the quarters, exactly? Let’s have a look at the table below:
|Q1||1st January - 31st March||3||≈13||90 |
(91 in a leap year)
|Q2||1st April - 30th June||3||≈13||91|
|Q3||1st July - 30th September||3||≈13||92|
|Q4||1st October - 31st December||3||≈13||92|
Did you know?
Traditional Scottish Quarter Days were related to Celtic rather than Christian holidays:
2nd February: Candlemas
15th May: Whitsunday
1st August: Lammas
11th November: Martinmas
What about you? Were you familiar with the idea of Quarter Days? Do you pay any taxes quarterly?
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